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Source:Times of Oman (Muscat, Oman). Dec 1, 2015

More Info:Muscat: Amid recently discovered mineral deposits and the foreseen increase in bulk mineral exports in Oman's gateway ports--Sohar Port and Freezone, Port of Duqm and Port of Salalah--there is much [...]

Periodical

Contributors:World Bank

Subject Terms:LAND TRANSPORT, INCOME INEQUALITY, ACTUAL BENEFITS, POVERTY RATES, SAVINGS, AIR, PROFITABILITY, SALARY, WORLD TRADE, VALUABLE, MARKET INTERMEDIARIES, PRODUCTIVITY, INHERITANCE, WORK EXPERIENCE, CARRIERS, TAX, MICROENTERPRISES, ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES, MICROFINANCE, SOURCES OF INCOME, PUBLIC FINANCE, EXPOSURE, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, ACCOUNTING, SOCIAL PROTECTION, DIVORCE, CONSUMER DURABLES, SALES, RETURN, TRANSPORT, COST OF LIVING, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, INVESTMENT REGULATION, OIL PRICE, MARKET ACCESS, YOUNG ADULTS, SAFETY, HOUSEHOLD OWNERSHIP, CONTRIBUTION, MATRIX ANALYSIS, DEPOSIT INSURANCE SCHEMES, POVERTY ALLEVIATION, DEPOSIT, EQUIPMENT, LEVY, POVERTY RATE, MOBILITY, TRANSPORT COSTS, PURCHASING POWER, COMPETITION POLICY, CONSUMERS, TRANSPORT POLICY, RISK TAKING, POWER PARITIES, TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE, DEVELOPING MARKETS, CONSUMER, LIBERALIZATION, INDUSTRIAL COUNTRY, AGRICULTURAL SHOCKS, WAGES, RAIL, DEPOSIT INSURANCE, FOREIGN MARKETS, FINANCIAL MARKETS, MORAL HAZARD, ECONOMIC ACTIVITY, INCOME, FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT, POLICY RESPONSES, TRADING, INDUSTRIAL COUNTRIES, YOUNG ADULT, TRANSITION ECONOMIES, EMPLOYMENT, NEW MARKET, PHYSICAL ASSETS, BEST PRACTICE, HOUSING, MODE OF TRANSPORT, SURCHARGES, INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT, ACCOUNTING STANDARDS, TRAFFIC, EMERGING MARKETS, BUSINESS PROFITABILITY, MIGRATION, LABOR FORCE, DEED, DURABLES, MARITIME TRANSPORT, DECENTRALIZATION, IMPORT TARIFFS, LAWS, RESEARCH ASSISTANCE, OIL PRICES, COLLATERAL, PORT AUTHORITY STAFF, RETURNS, FOOD PRICES, FINANCIAL SAFETY NETS, ACCESS TO CREDIT, FINANCIAL SYSTEMS, DIVERSIFICATION, ASSET ACCUMULATION, HOMEOWNERSHIP, MAJOR ASSET, MARKET INTEREST RATES, INVESTMENT CLIMATE, ECONOMIC REALITIES, BANKING REFORM, SAFETY NETS, INCOME GROWTH, EXPORTERS, VEHICLES, COMMODITY, PUBLIC WORKS, FACTORING, FOOD PRICE, CAPITAL INVESTMENTS, COMMODITY PRICES, CONGESTION, DEPOSITORS, ROUTES, CAPITAL STOCK, FREIGHT, PORT AUTHORITIES, LIQUIDATIONS, BEST PRACTICES, PORT AUTHORITY, YOUNG WOMEN, TRADING COSTS, PRIVATE INVESTMENT, MARKET INTEREST, MORTGAGE, SECURITY RISKS, INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL, PROBABILITY, VALUE OF ASSETS, CHILD LABOR, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, INTERNATIONAL PRICES, MARKET DISCIPLINE, FOREIGN TRADE, ROAD, JOB CREATION, LABOR MARKET

More Info:In this issue: food price crisis in Africa; focus: the Doha development agenda; when is deposit insurance a good idea? Returns to capital in micro-enterprises; new global poverty estimates; ports and maritime transport in West and Central Africa; the consequences of child labor; and gender and asset ownership.

Academic Journal
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Periodical

Contributors:World Bank

Subject Terms:PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE, SOCIAL ACTION, BANKRUPTCY, STRUCTURAL REFORMS, LOSS OF LIVELIHOODS, SOCIAL SERVICES, FORMAL EMPLOYMENT, MUNICIPAL INFRASTRUCTURE, DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES, GDP, SOCIAL INSURANCE, URBAN PLANNING, BANKS, RISK MANAGEMENT, CASH TRANSFERS, PRODUCTIVITY, UNEMPLOYMENT, REVENUE COLLECTION, TAX, TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE, PUBLIC FINANCE, CAPITAL BUDGETING, VULNERABLE POPULATIONS, FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, TRANSPORT, DEPOSITS, CONFLICT, SOCIAL SPENDING, CASH MANAGEMENT, INFLATION, WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION, DEBT RESTRUCTURING, REFORM PROGRAM, WATER SUPPLY, TAX COMPLIANCE, GROWTH RATE, BARRIERS TO ENTRY, INTEREST RATES, DEBT SERVICE, GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, COMPETITION POLICY, HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, PUBLIC PENSION, BLOCK GRANTS, MUNICIPAL, INTERNATIONAL DONORS, ACCOUNTABILITY, COMMERCIAL BANKS, HEALTH CARE SERVICES, PORTS, DONOR GRANT, REGULATORY FRAMEWORK, SHOCK, INCOME, FISCAL POLICIES, PUBLIC SECTOR, PRICE DISTORTIONS, SUPPORT NETWORKS, MIDDLE EAST, MATURITY, EMPLOYMENT, REAL GDP, SUSTAINABLE GROWTH, STATE ASSETS, WORKING CAPITAL, POOR, PUBLIC DEBT, LABOR MARKETS, PENSIONS, BENEFICIARY, NORTH AFRICA, HOUSING, PUBLIC SERVICES, PUBLIC RESOURCES, BASIC EDUCATION, FINANCIAL SECTOR, MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION, PRIVATE SECTOR, RISK MITIGATION, BANKRUPTCY PROCEDURES, FAMILY SUPPORT, INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY, SOCIAL SECURITY, DEBT MANAGEMENT, PRIVATIZATION, ECONOMIC DOWNTURN, HEALTH SPENDING, AUDITING, LAWS, WAR, BANQUE DU LIBAN, DONOR SUPPORT, MATURITIES, DEBT SERVICING, INSURANCE, SOCIAL POLICY, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, WTO, PUBLIC REVENUES, ELECTRICITY, ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE, FISCAL BALANCE, SKILLED WORKERS, DONOR AGENCIES, PUBLIC SPENDING, SOCIAL SAFETY NETS, SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS, TELECOMMUNICATIONS, WASTE DISPOSAL, MUNICIPALITIES, ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, AGRICULTURE, TARGETING, EDUCATION SUBSIDIES, CIVIL SERVICE, PROPERTY RIGHTS, CONSOLIDATION, GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES, TAXATION, UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE, ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE, PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM, RECOVERY PROGRAM, MONOPOLY, CENTRAL BANK, HEALTH SYSTEM, BANK DEPOSITS, FISCAL REFORMS, PENSION, PUBLIC, CONDITIONAL CASH, LABOR UNIONS

More Info:The Government of Lebanon current reform agenda includes a number of proposals to expand reform efforts, as well as to introduce effective and efficient sector policies and expenditure programs. The draft program also includes key proposals to improve Lebanon's business environment. This program needs to be agreed, articulated and supported by adequate resources. The speed and strength of this process are critical for avoiding a severe deterioration in public finances and returning the Lebanese economy to a path of growth. This report sets out an overall framework starting, in Section I, with a discussion of the prevailing macro/fiscal challenges and the complexities added to it by the hostilities. Section II presents the elements of a reform program to promote recovery and sustainable growth. Section III discusses the role of donors in providing financial and technical assistance in support of the Government's program. Section IV reiterates the importance of building consensus around the reform agenda. The report is based on detailed technical analysis of economic, social and infrastructure sectors in terms of the impact of the hostilities and priorities for reform over the next several years.

Periodical

Contributors:World Bank

Subject Terms:INCOME INEQUALITY, PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE, FACTOR MARKETS, TRADE BALANCE, CLIMATE CHANGE, PENSION FUND, PRODUCT MARKETS, CAPITAL FORMATION, INVESTMENT FUNDS, GDP, UNEMPLOYMENT, REVENUE COLLECTION, PUBLIC SERVICE, POLICY RESPONSE, EXPORTS, ACCOUNTING, REAL INCOME, RETURN, INFLATION, HUMAN RESOURCES, SAFETY, GOVERNMENT DEFICIT, VALUATION, INVESTOR PROTECTION, WAGE COUNCILS, GROWTH RATE, FISCAL POLICY, EQUIPMENT, CORPORATE BONDS, MANPOWER, MUNICIPAL BONDS, PUBLIC INVESTMENT IN INFRASTRUCTURE, INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT, RISK PROFILE, COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE, EXPENDITURE, EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE, ESCROW, PORTS, GLOBAL INTEREST, WAGES, FINANCIAL MARKETS, LIVING STANDARDS, INCOME, INTERGOVERNMENTAL FINANCE, PUBLIC SECTOR, MATURITY, PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION, GROWTH THEORY, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, EXCHANGE RATE, LEGAL RIGHTS, FOREIGN INVESTORS, LICENSES, TAX REFORMS, PHYSICAL ASSETS, HOUSING, CORPORATE BOND MARKET, PRODUCTIVITY INCREASES, ECONOMIC SECTORS, PENSION FUND ASSETS, BASIC EDUCATION, PRIVATE SECTOR, INCOME LEVEL, SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS, HUMAN CAPITAL, PRICE INCREASES, PRICE RISKS, URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE, CREDIT CONSTRAINT, MULTIPLIER EFFECTS, GOVERNMENT BUDGET, SECURITIES, TAX EXPENDITURES, URBANIZATION, HEALTH SPENDING, RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS, NATURAL DISASTER, INSURANCE, BANK FINANCING, ENVIRONMENTAL, ECONOMIC GROWTH, ELECTRICITY, ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS, FINANCIAL MARKET, INVESTMENT CLIMATE, PRIVATE INVESTORS, LAND REFORMS, LEGAL SYSTEM, MUNICIPALITIES, INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT, FISCAL DEFICIT, DEFICIT SPENDING, AGRICULTURE, OIL, MINIMUM WAGE, SETTLEMENT, EMPLOYMENT GROWTH, DOMESTIC DEBT SECURITIES, COMPETITIVENESS, COMMODITY PRICE, PHYSICAL SECURITY, CAPITAL STOCK, DRIVERS, SEVERANCE PAY, TAX REVENUES, INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT, STRUCTURAL CHANGE, TOTAL OUTPUT, WEALTH, PRIVATE INVESTMENT, LABOR MARKET ISSUES, PENSION, PUBLIC, JOB CREATION, LABOR UNIONS, HOUSEHOLD INCOMES, LABOR PRODUCTIVITY, COORDINATION FAILURES, BROKERAGE, SAVINGS, CAPITAL MARKETS, RISK MANAGEMENT, CAPITAL MARKET, PRODUCTIVITY, LABOR MOVEMENT, MATURITY SPECTRUM, TAX, NOMINAL WAGES, CONSUMER DURABLES, DEVELOPMENT POLICY, MORTALITY, ENFORCEMENT OF CONTRACTS, OIL PRICE, PUBLIC INVESTMENT, LANDOWNERS, LEGAL ENVIRONMENT, INTEREST PAYMENTS, DEPOSIT, INTEREST RATES, BANK CREDIT, AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY, FINANCIAL CRISIS, EMERGING ECONOMIES, COAL, DOMESTIC DEBT, GROWTH POTENTIAL, REGULATORY FRAMEWORK, SAFETY NET, ECONOMIC POLICIES, WAGE INCREASES, INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS, REGULATORY BARRIERS, REAL GDP, CORPORATE BOND, GOVERNMENT REVENUES, GRANT ALLOCATION, EXISTING WORKFORCE, PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH, FINANCIAL SECTOR, INVENTORY, GLOBAL ECONOMY, NATURAL DISASTERS, ASSETS, ISSUANCE, ECONOMICS, LABOR COSTS, PRODUCERS, LABOR FORCE, FINANCING REQUIREMENT, BUDGETING, CASH FLOWS, RISK AVERSION, TRANSPARENCY, DECENTRALIZATION, GDP PER CAPITA, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY, FISCAL BALANCE, TRADE LAWS, PERVERSE INCENTIVES, DEMOGRAPHICS, RETAINED EARNINGS, FISCAL DEFICITS, PUBLIC SPENDING, EXTREME POVERTY, ROADS, SAFETY NETS, DEBT, INVESTMENT DECISIONS, PROPERTY RIGHTS, CASH FLOW, LOCAL INFRASTRUCTURE, COMMODITY PRICES, LABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES, ECONOMISTS, TAX REFORM, GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE, FORESTRY, FISCAL REFORMS, BROKER, LABOR MARKET

More Info:Within the next two decades Indonesia aspires to generate prosperity, avoid a middle-income trap, and leave no one behind as it tries to catch up with high-income economies. Can Indonesia achieve them? This report argues that the country has the potential to rise and become more prosperous and equitable. But the risk of floating in the middle is real. Which pathway the economy will take depends on: (i) the adoption of a growth strategy that unleashes the productivity potential of the economy; and (ii) consistent implementation of a few, long-standing, high-priority structural reforms to boost growth and share prosperity more widely. Indonesia is fortunate to have options in financing these reforms without threatening its long-term fiscal outlook. The difficulties lie in getting the reforms implemented in a complex institutional and decentralized framework. The report identifies the reforms of institutions and processes that govern the functioning of the state as critical for unleashing the country's development potential. The report provides an analytical underpinning for the Bank's country partnership strategy 2009-14 and shapes the Bank's support to the government's rencana pembangunan jangka menengah nasional (RPJMN) 2010-2014.

Periodical

Contributors:World Bank

Subject Terms:REMITTANCES, MINISTRY OF FINANCE, ANNUAL BUDGET, HEALTH OUTCOMES, APPROPRIATIONS, ECONOMIES OF SCALE, PRIVATE INVESTMENTS, HOUSEHOLDS, WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS, RECESSION, UNEMPLOYMENT, REVENUE COLLECTION, PUBLIC SERVICE, MINISTRIES OF FINANCE, PUBLIC FINANCE, PURCHASING POWER PARITY, SOCIAL WELFARE, EXPENDITURES, ACCOUNTING, SOCIAL PROTECTION, TAX ADMINISTRATION, REGISTRATION FEES, ROAD MAINTENANCE, PUBLIC DEBT STOCK, EXCESS SUPPLY, EDUCATION SPENDING, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, ALLOCATION, DEPOSITS, PUBLIC SECTOR SPENDING, EDUCATION QUALIFICATIONS, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION, INCOME TAX, DEMOGRAPHIC COMPOSITION, TAX REVENUE, CAPITAL EXPENDITURE, FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS, FISCAL POLICY, EQUIPMENT, INTERNATIONAL DEBT MARKETS, REVENUE POLICY, GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, LIQUIDITY, NET SPENDING, PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, PRIVATE FINANCING, HEALTH INSURANCE FUND, EARLY CHILDHOOD, OBSTACLES TO GROWTH, ACCOUNTABILITY, TAX POLICY, INCOME GROUP, EXPENDITURE, PORTS, STATE GUARANTEE, TAX RATES, PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW, CORPORATE INCOME TAX, INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, PUBLIC SECTOR, BANKING SYSTEM, DEBT LEVELS, PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION, HEALTH SECTOR, CASH RESERVES, PUBLIC DEBT, LABOR MARKETS, INFORMAL ECONOMY, LICENSES, TAX BENEFITS, HOUSING, GROUPS OF PEOPLE, PUBLIC SERVICES, PUBLIC INTEREST, PUBLIC RESOURCES, EFFICIENCY OF PUBLIC SPENDING, PRIVATE SECTOR, EMPLOYERS, PUBLIC FINANCES, LONG-TERM DEBT, HUMAN CAPITAL, INVESTING, DOMESTIC DEMAND, TOTAL PUBLIC EXPENDITURE, POVERTY REDUCTION, PRIVATIZATION, HEALTH SPENDING, KEY CHALLENGES, PERSONAL INCOME, CAPITAL INVESTMENT, BASELINE SCENARIO, PUBLIC SERVANTS, NATURAL DISASTER, INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS, MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK, DONOR SUPPORT, PREMIUM PAYMENTS, URBAN AREAS, INSURANCE, PERSONAL INCOME TAXES, PUBLIC REVENUES, PROPERTY TAX, ECONOMIC GROWTH, ELECTRICITY, BASIC NEEDS, COST ESTIMATE, VULNERABLE HOUSEHOLDS, LABOR FORCE SURVEY, PROPERTY TAX COLLECTION, PUBLIC HEALTH, RISK ASSESSMENTS, PERSONAL INCOME TAX, TELECOMMUNICATIONS, LEGAL SYSTEM, MUNICIPALITIES, FISCAL DEFICIT, TAX STRUCTURE, TAX EVASION, REVENUE PERFORMANCE, UNION, CAPITAL INVESTMENTS, CAPITAL STOCK, TAX REVENUES, GOVERNMENT GRANTS, INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT, CENTRAL BANK, INTERNATIONAL BANK, ACCESS TO EDUCATION, PENSION, PUBLIC, EXPENDITURE ALLOCATIONS, TOTAL PUBLIC SPENDING, BENEFICIARIES, TAX LAW, REVENUE SOURCES, SAVINGS, MONETARY FUND, PRIMARY DEFICITS, TAX SYSTEM, FINANCE MINISTRY, FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS, INFORMATION SYSTEM, REVENUE GROWTH, ECONOMIC COOPERATION, FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS, NET REVENUE, TARIFF REVENUE, PUBLIC INVESTMENT, RECEIPTS, INTEREST PAYMENTS, EDUCATION SYSTEM, PURCHASING POWER, GOVERNMENT BANK, PUBLIC FINANCE MANAGEMENT, VULNERABLE GROUPS, PUBLIC PROCUREMENT, DEFICITS, SOCIAL ASSISTANCE, LEGAL TENDER, CONSUMER PRICE INDEX, EDUCATION LEVELS, PENSION SYSTEM, POVERTY IMPACT, FISCAL POLICIES, FAMILIES, HEALTH CARE PROGRAM, CURRENCY, INVESTMENT PROJECTS, SHAREHOLDERS, HEALTH FINANCING, PENSIONS, BENEFICIARY, USER CHARGES, PUBLIC EXPENDITURES, ENROLLMENT, FISCAL PERFORMANCE, NET LENDING, PHYSICAL CAPITAL, GLOBAL ECONOMY, MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE, NUTRITION, SOCIAL SECURITY, TAX EXEMPTIONS, INCOME TAXES, INTERNATIONAL DEBT, MACROECONOMIC POLICY, RATES OF RETURN, BARRIERS TO GROWTH, TOTAL TAX REVENUE, CAPITAL SPENDING, PROPERTY TAXES, DEFICIT FINANCING, EDUCATION EXPENDITURES, PUBLIC EXPENDITURE, HEALTH EXPENDITURES, FISCAL DEFICITS, TAX COLLECTION, PUBLIC SPENDING, EXTREME POVERTY, ROADS, PUBLIC FUNDS, INTERNATIONAL BORROWING, FISCAL IMPACT, HEALTH INSURANCE, CAPITAL PROJECTS, EDUCATION FUNDS, BALANCE OF PAYMENTS, PROVISIONS, FINANCIAL HEALTH, ACCESS TO MARKETS, HEALTH CARE, EXPROPRIATIONS, EVASION, CORRUPTION, PUBLIC INVESTMENTS, CASH PAYMENTS, LABOR MARKET

More Info:Kosovo is Europe s youngest country, both in terms of history and demographics. As part of the former Yugoslavia, Kosovo became a separate territory under United Nations administration in 1999, and declared its independence in 2008. By February 2014 it had been recognized by 106 UN member states including 23 out of 28 EU members. Kosovo is a potential candidate for European Union (EU) membership and is currently negotiating a Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) with the European Commission. From 1999 Kosovo has been using the Deutsche Mark and, since 2002, its successor currency, the Euro, as legal tender. Kosovo is a landlocked country in South East Europe (SEE) with about 1.8 million inhabitants and a large migrant population based mainly in Western European countries. Kosovo has taken great strides to rebuild an economy destroyed by the collapse of Yugoslavia and the 1998-99 war, with sound fiscal numbers and budgets focused on capital expenditure. In general, Kosovo s headline macroeconomic indicators are also relatively sound. Growth has averaged over 4 percent since 2000 and remained positive after 2008 during the global crisis years. Household survey evidence for 2006-11 suggests that economic growth benefitted all sections of society but the poorest 40 percent of the population saw consumption rise faster than wealthier groups. Public and private investments have made large contributions toward economic growth over the last five years as efforts to rebuild the economy continued.

Periodical

Contributors:Peterson, George E.

Source:Policy Research Working Paper;No. 6683

Subject Terms:BUDGET, MUNICIPALITY, LAND POLICY, INVESTMENT FUNDS, GOVERNMENT POLICY, PROPERTY OWNERSHIP, MANDATES, HOLDING, ARBITRAGE, LOCAL LEVEL, INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS, LANDHOLDERS, STATES, FUTURE, MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP, PUBLIC SERVICE, METROPOLITAN AREAS, MINISTRIES OF FINANCE, GUARANTEE, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, EXPENDITURES, ACCOUNTING, LAND PARCEL, urban land, RETURN, DEREGULATION, TRANSPORT, DEPOSITS, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTING SYSTEM, LAND VALUE, OPEN MARKET, VALUATION, PUBLIC SERVICE PROVISION, WATER SUPPLY, REPORTS, TRANSACTION, STATE GOVERNMENTS, EQUIPMENT, POST OFFICE, SHARES, DEFICIT, MUNICIPAL BONDS, INVENTORIES, MUNICIPAL, ACCOUNTABILITY, GOVERNANCE, TAX POLICY, EXPENDITURE, MUNICIPAL PERFORMANCE, PORTS, TAX RATES, ASSET MANAGEMENT, INSTITUTIONAL SETTING, INCOME, GRANTS, PUBLIC SECTOR, STATE LANDS, REVENUE, PUBLIC GOODS, LAND OWNERSHIP, LAND, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, LOCAL AUTHORITIES, REGULATION, CLAIMANTS, HOUSING, OPTION, VALUATIONS, STATE GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC SERVICES, BORROWING, PROPERTIES, MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS, TAXES, DEBTS, AUTONOMY, MARKET COMPETITION, BUDGET DEFICITS, PRIVATE SECTOR, PUBLIC ASSET, PUBLIC FINANCES, AUCTIONS, URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE, TREATY, PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS, GOVERNMENT BUDGET, INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE, PRIVATIZATION, PROFITS, URBANIZATION, REAL PROPERTY, GOVERNMENTS, DEBT FINANCING, CAPITAL INVESTMENT, CONTRACTS, URBAN AREAS, RURAL PROPERTY, PUBLIC REVENUES, ECONOMIC GROWTH, INTERNATIONAL SECURITY, ELECTRICITY, FUEL TAXES, BALANCE SHEET, PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS, DEVELOPMENT BANK, OPPORTUNITY COST, INTEREST, INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS, PUBLIC AGENCIES, INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING, MUNICIPALITIES, AUCTION, MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WORKS, CONVERSION, DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITIES, PROPERTY TAX BASE, DISCOUNT RATES, MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT, LANDHOLDER, STATE PROPERTY, LOCAL GOVERNMENT, MASS TRANSIT, BUDGETS, TAXATION, CAPITAL STOCK, LAND USE, TAX REVENUES, GOVERNMENT GRANTS, INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT, LOCAL ECONOMY, INTERNATIONAL BANK, SPENDING, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, PRIVATE PARTIES, PUBLIC, LEGAL AUTHORITY, TAX LAW, PROFIT, REVENUE SOURCES, INVESTMENT FINANCING, URBAN DEVELOPMENT, SAVINGS, LIABILITIES, PUBLIC OFFICIALS, PARTICIPATION, URBAN PLANNING, RISK MANAGEMENT, MARKET PARTICIPANTS, PRODUCTIVITY, URBAN GROWTH, CHARGES, TAX, FUNGIBLE, PUBLIC PROVIDERS, ASSET MANAGERS, MARKET SIZE, FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, LAND MANAGEMENT, TRUST FUND, CONTRACT, SHARE, ENTERPRISES, TAX RATE, INVESTMENT PURPOSES, PUBLIC INVESTMENT, INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFERS, LANDOWNERS, TREATIES, UTILITIES, LEVY, MARKET, DEBT SERVICE, MARKETS, FINANCIAL ASSETS, INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE, TRANSACTIONS, DEDICATED REVENUE, INVESTMENT PROJECTS, HOLDINGS, INVESTMENTS, LAND PARCELS, PUBLIC USE, INTERNATIONAL INVESTORS, SUPERVISORY BOARD, GOVERNMENT REGULATION, ASSET SALES, FIXED REVENUE, LAND PRICES, OVERSIGHT, INVENTORY, ASSETS, PRICING, LAND REFORM, LAND VALUES, LARGE CITIES, BALANCE SHEETS, TRANSPARENCY, CITIES, DECENTRALIZATION, PROPERTY TAX ADMINISTRATION, PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY, EXCHANGE, MARKET PRICES, PLEDGES, EQUITY, SERVICES, REVENUES, ACCESS TO INFORMATION, PROPERTY TAXES, VACANT LAND, LEGISLATION, LOCAL TAXES, INVESTMENT ASSETS, PROJECTS, BUDGET PROCESS, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, TREASURY, PER, FINANCE, ROADS, INVESTMENT DECISIONS, DEBT, PUBLIC OWNERSHIP, RESERVE, LEASE PAYMENTS, POLITICAL POWER, ASSET MANAGER, DISCOUNT, IPO, LOCAL INFRASTRUCTURE, PROVISIONS, FEES, LAND DEVELOPMENT, OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE, FINANCIAL INCENTIVES, BANK BORROWING, COMPETITIVE BIDDING, STREETS, FISCAL RESPONSIBILITY, PROMISSORY NOTE, MARKET VALUE, GOOD, COMPETITIVE AUCTIONS, PUBLIC PROPERTY, LEGAL OWNERSHIP, OPPORTUNITY COSTS

More Info:Despite strong economic growth, investment in basic urban infrastructure -- water supply, wastewater removal and treatment, roads, and other capital-intensive systems -- has failed to keep pace with urban growth, leaving a critical urban infrastructure deficit. At the same time, urban lands in these many developing countries are among the most expensive in the world. Much of this land is owned by public authorities. Significant parts of it lie vacant, unused for public service provision or inappropriate for conversion to higher-valued economic activity. A composite public-sector balance sheet for India's urban areas would show an asset mix strong on public-sector landholdings but weak on infrastructure. This raises the following questions: Can some excess public-sector land be exchanged for infrastructure, in a manner that is politically acceptable and economically efficient? Can public land sales be a realistic source of finance for critically needed urban infrastructure investment? This paper considers the policy context that has shaped different land-disposal and earmarking initiatives, provides details about the actual workings of institutions, and examines international experience in infrastructure investment. This study contributes to the consultative process underway in India to consider strategies to unlock public land values to help finance urban infrastructure investment.

Report

Source:D&B Country Report: Turkey. Annual, 2011, p37, 11 p.

Subject Terms:Wireless telecommunications service, Software quality, Ore deposits -- Political aspects, Ore deposits -- Reports, Ore deposits -- Turkey, Corporate income taxes -- Political aspects, Corporate income taxes -- Reports, Cellular telephone services industry -- Political aspects, Cellular telephone services industry -- Reports, Cellular telephone services industry -- Political activity, Cellular telephone services industry -- Ethical aspects, Cellular telephone services industry -- Rankings, Computer software industry -- Political aspects, Computer software industry -- Reports, Computer software industry -- Political activity, Computer software industry -- Ethical aspects, Computer software industry -- Rankings, International economic relations -- Political aspects, International economic relations -- Reports, Dumping (International trade) -- Political aspects, Dumping (International trade) -- Reports, Foreign corporations -- Political aspects, Foreign corporations -- Reports, Corporations -- Ethical aspects, Corporations -- Reports, Corporations -- Political aspects, Public sector -- Political aspects, Public sector -- Reports, Foreign investments -- Political aspects, Foreign investments -- Reports, Foreign investments -- Ethical aspects, Foreign investments -- Rankings, Tax treaties -- Political aspects, Tax treaties -- Reports, Value-added tax -- Reports, Value-added tax -- Political aspects, Entrepreneurship -- Political aspects, Entrepreneurship -- Reports, Farm produce -- Political aspects, Farm produce -- Reports, Farm produce -- Ethical aspects, Farm produce -- Rankings, Investor relations -- Reports, Investor relations -- Political aspects, Money laundering -- Political aspects, Money laundering -- Reports, Employers -- Political aspects, Employers -- Reports, Employers -- Political activity, Employers -- Tax policy, Employers -- Ethical aspects, Bribery -- Political aspects, Bribery -- Reports, Risk assessment -- Political aspects, Risk assessment -- Reports, Software -- Reports, Software -- Political aspects, Software -- Ethical aspects, Software -- Rankings, Antidumping duties -- Political aspects, Antidumping duties -- Reports, Ports -- Political aspects, Ports -- Reports, Ports -- Ethical aspects, Ports -- Rankings, Political parties -- Reports, Political parties -- Turkey, Taxation -- Political aspects, Taxation -- Reports

Subject Geographic:Turkey

More Info:Overview Turkey's commercial environment has improved considerably in recent years, as the government has implemented a comprehensive programme of reforms to reduce the regulatory burden on companies, such as simplifying [...]

Reference

Source:The Hutchinson Chronology of World History.

Availability:http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/heliconcwh/1815/0

Reference

Source:Marquis Who's Who in America.

Availability:http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/marquisam/quesenbery_erika_lynn/0

Report

Source:D&B Country Report: Ethiopia. Annual, 2010, p35, 10 p.

Subject Terms:Software quality, Government regulation, World Bank Group. World Bank -- Tax policy, World Bank Group. World Bank -- Reports, World Bank Group. World Bank -- Political activity, World Bank Group. World Bank -- Political aspects, Deforestation -- Ethiopia, Deforestation -- Reports, Deforestation -- Political aspects, Deforestation -- Laws, regulations and rules, International agencies -- Reports, International agencies -- Political aspects, International agencies -- Laws, regulations and rules, Investor relations -- Reports, Investor relations -- Political aspects, Investor relations -- Laws, regulations and rules, Software -- Political aspects, Software -- Reports, Software -- Laws, regulations and rules, Trademarks -- Reports, Trademarks -- Political aspects, Trademarks -- Laws, regulations and rules, Land use -- Ethiopia, Land use -- Reports, Land use -- Political aspects, Land use -- Laws, regulations and rules, Imports -- Reports, Imports -- Political aspects, Imports -- Laws, regulations and rules, Entrepreneurship -- Reports, Entrepreneurship -- Political aspects, Entrepreneurship -- Laws, regulations and rules, Soil erosion -- Reports, Soil erosion -- Political aspects, Soil erosion -- Laws, regulations and rules, Customs administration -- Reports, Customs administration -- Political aspects, Customs administration -- Laws, regulations and rules, Foreign corporations -- Reports, Foreign corporations -- Political aspects, Foreign corporations -- Laws, regulations and rules, Antidumping duties -- Reports, Antidumping duties -- Political aspects, Antidumping duties -- Laws, regulations and rules, Tax reform -- Reports, Tax reform -- Political aspects, Tax reform -- Laws, regulations and rules, Commercial law -- Reports, Commercial law -- Political aspects, Ore deposits -- Ethiopia, Ore deposits -- Reports, Ore deposits -- Political aspects, Ore deposits -- Laws, regulations and rules, Foreign investments -- Political aspects, Foreign investments -- Reports, Foreign investments -- Laws, regulations and rules, Tax collection -- Reports, Tax collection -- Political aspects, Tax collection -- Laws, regulations and rules, Ports -- Political aspects, Ports -- Reports, Ports -- Laws, regulations and rules, Unfair competition (Commerce) -- Reports, Unfair competition (Commerce) -- Political aspects, Unfair competition (Commerce) -- Laws, regulations and rules, Taxation -- Reports, Taxation -- Political aspects, Taxation -- Laws, regulations and rules

Subject Geographic:Ethiopia

More Info:Overview In terms of 'pure' business regulation, the country has improved in the World Bank's Doing Business 2010 report, climbing four places to 107th place out of 183 countries. This [...]

Report

Source:D&B Country Report: Ghana. Annual, 2010, p36, 9 p.

Subject Terms:Government regulation, Company investment, Ghana. Bank of Ghana -- Reports, Ghana. Bank of Ghana -- Political activity, Ghana. Bank of Ghana -- Laws, regulations and rules, World Bank Group. World Bank -- Reports, World Bank Group. World Bank -- Political activity, World Bank Group. World Bank -- Political aspects, World Economic Forum -- Reports, World Economic Forum -- Political activity, World Economic Forum -- Political aspects, Bribery -- Reports, Bribery -- Political aspects, Bribery -- Laws, regulations and rules, Investor relations -- Reports, Investor relations -- Political aspects, Investor relations -- Laws, regulations and rules, Trademark infringement -- Reports, Trademark infringement -- Political aspects, Trademark infringement -- Laws, regulations and rules, Rivers -- Reports, Rivers -- Political aspects, Rivers -- Laws, regulations and rules, Public sector -- Reports, Public sector -- Political aspects, Public sector -- Laws, regulations and rules, Entrepreneurship -- Reports, Entrepreneurship -- Political aspects, Entrepreneurship -- Laws, regulations and rules, International economic relations -- Reports, International economic relations -- Political aspects, International economic relations -- Laws, regulations and rules, Foreign corporations -- Reports, Foreign corporations -- Political aspects, Foreign corporations -- Laws, regulations and rules, Antidumping duties -- Reports, Antidumping duties -- Political aspects, Antidumping duties -- Laws, regulations and rules, Securities offerings -- Reports, Securities offerings -- Political aspects, Securities offerings -- Laws, regulations and rules, Ore deposits -- Ghana, Ore deposits -- Reports, Ore deposits -- Political aspects, Ore deposits -- Laws, regulations and rules, Credit card processing services -- Political aspects, Credit card processing services -- Reports, Credit card processing services -- Laws, regulations and rules, Foreign investments -- Political aspects, Foreign investments -- Reports, Foreign investments -- Laws, regulations and rules, Ports -- Political aspects, Ports -- Reports, Ports -- Laws, regulations and rules, Breach of contract -- Reports, Breach of contract -- Political aspects, Breach of contract -- Laws, regulations and rules, Regulatory compliance -- Reports, Regulatory compliance -- Political aspects, Regulatory compliance -- Laws, regulations and rules, Precipitation variability -- Reports, Precipitation variability -- Political aspects, Precipitation variability -- Laws, regulations and rules, Real estate development -- Political aspects, Real estate development -- Reports, Real estate development -- Laws, regulations and rules, Corporations -- Ethical aspects, Corporations -- Reports, Corporations -- Political aspects, Corporations -- Laws, regulations and rules

Subject Geographic:Ghana

More Info:Overview Ghana's commercial environment remains challenging, thereby undermining prospects for attracting long-term foreign investment. According to the World Bank's Doing Business 2010 report, Ghana continues to rank poorly in terms [...]

Report

Source:D&B Country Report: The Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire). Annual, 2010, p37, 9 p.

Subject Terms:Wireless Internet access, Government regulation, Copper industry -- Political activity, Copper industry -- Political aspects, Copper industry -- Reports, Copper industry -- Laws, regulations and rules, Public sector -- Reports, Public sector -- Political aspects, Public sector -- Laws, regulations and rules, Civil war -- Reports, Civil war -- Political aspects, Civil war -- Laws, regulations and rules, Foreign corporations -- Reports, Foreign corporations -- Political aspects, Foreign corporations -- Laws, regulations and rules, Airports -- Political aspects, Airports -- Reports, Airports -- Laws, regulations and rules, Antidumping duties -- Reports, Antidumping duties -- Political aspects, Antidumping duties -- Laws, regulations and rules, Ore deposits -- Reports, Ore deposits -- Political aspects, Ore deposits -- Laws, regulations and rules, Banks (Finance) -- Political aspects, Banks (Finance) -- Reports, Banks (Finance) -- Laws, regulations and rules, Tax consultants -- Political activity, Tax consultants -- Political aspects, Tax consultants -- Tax policy, Tax consultants -- Reports, Tax consultants -- Laws, regulations and rules, Breach of contract -- Reports, Breach of contract -- Political aspects, Breach of contract -- Laws, regulations and rules, Wireless Internet access -- Reports, Wireless Internet access -- Political aspects, Wireless Internet access -- Laws, regulations and rules, Ports -- Political aspects, Ports -- Reports, Ports -- Laws, regulations and rules, Taxation -- Reports, Taxation -- Political aspects, Taxation -- Laws, regulations and rules, Imports -- Laws, regulations, etc., Imports -- Reports, Imports -- Political aspects, Imports -- Laws, regulations and rules

Subject Geographic:Congo (Kinshasa)

More Info:Overview For those businesses seeking to invest in or trade with the DRC, the commercial environment is extremely precarious. Minor improvements have occurred since the civil war officially ended in [...]